Cyber Benefits and Risks: Quantitatively Forecasting and Understanding the Balance

By Zurich, Pardee Center


What is the balance of economic benefits and costs conferred upon societies by cyber technologies, also designated here as information and communication technologies (ICT)? And how might that balance change in coming years? This report, prepared as a quantitative foundation for work sponsored by the Zurich Insurance Group, addresses these questions by assessing the current pattern of benefits and costs in countries and globally, mapping their apparent trajectory in recent years, and exploring their possible futures through 2030.

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