This report provides a series of recommendations for the reform of Ukraine’s security and defense institutions. It covers a wide range of topics including cyber warfare. This research was under- taken in response to a request by the presidential administration of Ukraine and in participation with the National Security and Defense Council and sponsored by Ukraine Investment Alliance, a 501(c)(4) foundation. Research for this report was completed in the fall of 2015. Although some minor updates have been made, the analysis predomi- nantly reflects the situation as of that time.